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Sunday, October, 21, 2018    01:28:57 pm
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مصطلحات
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SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication)

Communication network providing secure lines of trades and/or cash communication to financial institutions globally.

Customers include banks, broker-dealers, securities depositories and clearing organizations, investment managers and stock exchanges.

Safekeeping

The holding of a physical or book entry security by a depository or custodian.

Secondary Market

It is the market where trading in securities takes place in accordance with the laws, regulations and instructions in force.

Sector

A group of securities similar with respect to industry, maturity, type, rating, and/or coupon.

Securities Borrow

A collateralized security loan for a fee.

Security

An asset such as share or bond and units of Mutual Funds.

Sell Order

It is an instruction given by an investor to a broker to sell a specified amount of shares of a certain company.

Settlement

The conclusion of a securities transaction when a customer pays a broker or dealer for securities purchased or delivers securities sold and receives payment from the broker.

Share

An instrument or legal right signifying equity, or an ownership position, in a corporation.

Share Book

A share book is an official record of ownership of company information about shareholders such as their names, addresses and numbers of shares held.

Share Repurchase

The process in which a corporation buys back previously issued shares of its own stock in the open market.

Shareholder's Equity

Balance sheet item that includes the book value of ownership in the corporation.

It includes paid-up capital, issue premium, reserves and retained earning sand subtracting loss and discount on par.

Short Sale

The selling of a security that the seller does not own, or any sale that is completed by the delivery of a security that was borrowed by the seller.

Sinking Fund

Money that is accumulated in a separate custodial account for the purpose of redeeming debt securities or preferred stock issues.

Split

The division of a corporation's outstanding shares into either a larger or smaller (reverse split) number of shares without any impact on shareholder equity.

Spot

Usually refers to a cash market price for a physical commodity that is available for immediate delivery.

Spread

The price difference between two related markets or commodities.

Stock

Equity ownership of a corporation through the purchase of shares.

Stock Dividend

Payment of a corporate dividend in stock rather than in cash.

Stock Index

An indicator used to measure and report changes in prices of a selected group of stocks.

How a particular stock index tracks the market depends on its composition - the sampling of stocks, the weighing of individual stocks, and the method of averaging used to establish an index.

Stock Market

A market in which shares of stock are bought and sold.

Stop Order

An order to sell if and when the market price falls to a specified amount.

Street Name

Indicates that a stock certificate is in the name of a brokerage house.

Strike Price

The stated price per share for which a stock option may be purchased or sold by the option holder.

Sub-Custodian

An agent bank or subsidiary that provides local custody services for a global custodian.

Swap

An arrangement when two companies lend to one another on different terms, for example at different interest rates or in different currencies.